Treatment For Co-Occurring Disorders
In Cincinnati, Ohio
People suffering from substance abuse issues must consider whether they may have a co-occurring mental illness when seeking an addiction treatment center.
Co-occurring mental health disorder treatment must be carefully considered and customized to be exceptionally effective and impactful. Clinical treatment teams and clients participating in addiction treatment must treat all comorbid conditions occurring alongside a Substance Use Disorder (SUD) as earnestly and pursue resolution to these disorders as seriously as they would addiction.
One key to treating addiction is sifting through what substance abuse may be disguising. Sometimes, addiction is a fitting (but also finite) guise for other co-occurring mental illnesses, such as PTSD or depression.
Treating addiction alone requires a comprehensive approach by an extensively-trained treatment team. However, when other mental health conditions present themselves in individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs), their course of recovery becomes even more complex.
Sometimes, addiction masks deeper underlying issues that people struggling never addressed. That’s why Hotel California by the Sea focuses on the root disorders underlying addiction, and not just substance abuse itself. In our Cincinnati, Ohio treatment center, we treat multiple underlying mental health conditions in people receiving treatment for substance abuse issues. We call this our Co-Occurring Disorders program.
Our impeccable clinical team prioritizes determining an accurate diagnosis (or diagnoses) for each patient. This way, we can create the proper game plan for treating their conditions.
Through the use of clinically-proven therapies effective for treating addiction and other mental health conditions such as cognitive behavioral therapy and dialectical behavioral therapy, Hotel California by the Sea clients can simultaneously tackle their psychological struggles.
When seeking residential treatment for substance abuse, it is important to find a dual diagnosis program that is equipped to handle other mental health conditions that may arise after initial detoxification. Sometimes, the effects of drugs and alcohol on someone’s brain are temporary, causing minor mental conditions. Other times, co-occurring disorders are the root cause of addiction and require life-long maintenance.
Some of the mental health conditions we treat in addition to addiction at HCBTS, Cincinnati, include (but are not limited to):
- Anxiety disorders.
- Depressive disorders.
- Bipolar Disorder (I and II).
- Schizoaffective disorder.
At Hotel California By the Sea in the state of Ohio, we offer dual diagnosis treatment programs to shed light beyond just the physical dependence of a substance and help you discover what is really going on. If you or a loved one may be struggling with addiction or a mental illness, let this page be a resource to you. Please do not hesitate to contact us directly for more information about our impatient or outpatient treatment programs.
What is Comorbidity?
A co-occurring disorder, also known as a dual diagnosis, is a mental illness that is present alongside a substance use disorder. Examples of comorbidity include alcoholism and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) or heroin addiction and Major Depressive Disorder. In some cases, there may be multiple co-occurring disorders such as alcoholism, anxiety, and PTSD.
Without proper intervention and attention to both conditions, these illnesses will feed off of one another, exacerbating possible mutual symptoms of depression, anxiety, and overall hopelessness. Drugs and alcohol are the fuel to the fire of comorbid illnesses while mental health conditions just serve as a catalyst to the vicious and destructive cycle of addiction.
Sometimes, mental illness arises in response to the chemical changes that tend to occur in the brain after long term use or initial onset of use at an early age. Individuals may not even be aware of a co-occurring mental health disorder until they remove all mind-altering substances from their life and find they are still struggling.
Whether a mental health diagnosis is present, drugs and alcohol cover up what’s really going on deep down, which is why addicts used in the first place.
Treating Comorbidity in Ohio
It can be shocking and disorienting to find out you or a loved one may have a mental health condition separate from suffering from an addiction. At Hotel California by the Sea, we walk our clients through the process of understanding and accepting any co-occurring mental health conditions.
Together, clients at Hotel California by the Sea and their expert therapist, counselor, and other physicians, decide what the proper approach to treating their mental illnesses may be.
At our treatment centers, we focus on providing the clearest and most modern information to our clients about their mental health conditions, thus enabling them to better understand themselves and their mental health needs. We also help clients decipher the possible contributors that may have led to the manifestation of any of their mental health conditions in some way.
The public systems of Ohio understand that addiction is not a disease specific to any socioeconomic class, ethnicity, or gender. In fact, addiction is perhaps one of the most non-discriminatory diseases.
Almost anyone can be affected by a complex and dangerous SUD. Although we may not always know the origin of comorbidity, doctors and psychologists do know that when other mental illnesses are present alongside addiction, the cases are more severe and much more difficult to treat.
Here are four typical aspects we consider when treating co-occurring disorders and identifying root causes:
- Mental illness leaves individuals more vulnerable to developing an addiction. There is higher risk of developing substance use issues in these cases because individuals will be drawn to substances to self-medicate and treat their mental health condition.
- People struggling with co-occurring disorders are also often physically affected by substances differently due to their mental condition.
- Mental illness and addiction can stem from environmental or genetic factors.
- Certain mental illnesses affect the same regions of the brain as addiction, such as the circuitry responsible for regulating dopamine, the reward and pleasure neurotransmitter.
What Causes Co-Occurring Disorders?
There is no shortage of debate amongst the scientific community around the direct point addiction and other mental health conditions stem from. Of course, this question applies to the various mental health disorders that may exist alongside depression, such as anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, personality disorders, eating disorders, and more.
A more realistic theory concerning the “cause” of addiction is that there is, in fact, multiple causes that contribute to the development of addiction (and multiple mental health conditions). Many scientists agree that many mental illnesses result as a combination of many environmental and biological factors.
Identifying the nature of addiction is like contemplating the classic “chicken or egg” argument. While some researchers say that drug and alcohol addictions stem from trauma and environmental factors, others place their blame on the inflicted populations’ genetic predisposition. Whether it is “nature or nurture,” convincing evidence exists on both sides.
Common Types of Co-Occurring Disorders
Identifying and treating co-occurring mental health disorders is vital for long-term addiction recovery. The compounding effects of mental illness and substance use disorders can be life-threatening without proper education and clinical expertise. Here is more information about some of the most common comorbid mental health conditions that can occur alongside substance abuse:
Bipolar Disorder and Addiction
Once known as manic-depression, bipolar disorder is generally classified by intense mood swings, ranging from serious highs and lows. From mania to depression, individuals with Bi-Polar disorder attempt to use drugs to stabilize their mood but in turn exacerbates their symptoms.
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and Addiction
Individuals who suffer from Borderline Personality Disorder struggle with an intense fear of abandonment and rejection that often stems from childhood trauma. Because BPD is generally identified by more subtle personality traits and can display characteristics of many other mental health conditions, it can be difficult to treat and diagnose. Other diagnostic criteria of BPD include substance abuse, self-harm, suicidal ideation, self-destructive behaviors, chronic feelings of emptiness, eating disorders and more.
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and Addiction
Many people who struggle with depression use substances to numb something or, conversely, feel something. Depression leaves people feeling hopeless, flat, unmotivated, and can plague sufferers with suicidal ideation and self-harming behaviors.
Drugs and alcohol, of course, are mind-altering substances that can, sometimes, give people what they are missing in life, whether this is a deep sigh of relief or a rush of raw emotion.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) and Addiction
Those who struggle with anxiety disorders are at significant risk of developing a substance use disorders in the name of self-medicating. Symptoms of GAD, one type of anxiety disorder, include restlessness, irritability, panic attacks, stress, sleeplessness, increased heart rate, poor focus, and more.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Addiction
PTSD leaves individuals highly vulnerable to develop a substance use disorder due to the inability to cope with stress and the numbing effects of drugs and alcohol. PTSD can result from childhood trauma, a death of a loved one, a car accident, and more. PTSD has lasting effects on the brain and can rewire how a person thinks and behaves.
Possible Barriers to Treating Co-Occurring Disorders
Addiction is a complex phenomenon that doctors with behaviors and characteristics that researchers have only begun to uncover within the past 20 years.
At Hotel California By the Sea, we understand that treating the physical aspects of addiction is only the beginning of true recovery. It is vital for any individual, whether a dual diagnosis is present or not, receives clinical support after their initial detoxification from drugs or alcohol.
During and even months after physical withdrawal, a person’s brain chemicals fluctuat leaving the diagnosis and treatment of co-occurring disorders up in the air. It takes time for a person’s body to come back to equilibrium and just getting sober is not enough. These are when the effects of long-term substance use or other co-occurring disorders may make themselves apparent. That is why it is vital for any client to receive clinical support after the drugs are removed.
We believe in treating the whole person – not just the part of the person who suffers from substance abuse issues. If the physical, mental, emotional, and environmental aspects of an individual’s life are not initially treated, these co-existing issues could eventually creep up and lead to relapse later on. This is why we recommend residential treatment an intensive therapeutic environment, once an individual completes a medical detox program.
By treating co-occurring mental health issues, we can essentially break one of the pegs that someone’s addiction is dependent upon. If you or a loved one might be in need of drug and alcohol treatment equipped to handle co-occurring disorders, please do not hesitate to contact us for more information.
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