Substance Use Disorder Treatment
- What is Substance Use Disorder?
- What factors cause Substance Use Disorder?
- How to recognize signs of Substance Use Disorder
- Commonly abused Substances
- Treatment Methods utilized for Substance Use Disorder at Hotel California by the Sea
- Thirteen Principles of Effective Drug Addiction Treatment
- Get Help
- Request a Call
Hotel California by the Sea treats individuals suffering with substance use disorder and those with co-occurring mental health diagnoses. With the use of evidence-informed behavioral health therapies, individuals receiving substance abuse treatment can improve healthy life and coping skills, modify their attitudes and behaviors towards substance use, and create a plan for how to persist in their lives free from drugs and alcohol. We offer alcohol and drug rehab programs at the inpatient and outpatient level of care. By offering a full continuum of care, it enables us to work with patients over a period of the standard 90 days and support them through each transition process of substance abuse treatment programming.
What is Substance Use Disorder?
Substance use disorder (SUD) is a mental disorder in which an individual is unable to control the use of substances such as drugs or alcohol. This affects the person’s behavior and will lead to addiction and dependency on the drug or alcohol to function. These individuals suffering from SUD require specialized addiction treatment at an inpatient rehab facility in order to help them stop compulsive drug seeking behavior and excessive use.
Those who face SUD are also vulnerable to experiencing co-occurring mental health disorders. These two often go hand in hand and while they do commonly occur together, it does not mean that one has caused the other. Some of the most common co-occurring mental disorders include:
- Anxiety and Depression
- Bipolar disorder
- Borderline personality disorder
Individuals suffering from SUD may have developed distorted thoughts and behaviors due to the physical change in brain structure and development caused from excessive usage of the substance. These changes in their brain cause intense cravings, changes in mood and personality and even cognitive decision making skills. The longer the usage of mind-altering substances, the more changes and damages will be made to the brain and its functioning capacity.
Substance use disorder treatment at Hotel California by The Sea starts at our inpatient rehab facilities, which include medically managed detoxification services and residential treatment. From then patients will move on to outpatient programs such as PHP and IOP. At Hotel California by The Sea, we believe long-term substance abuse treatment allows individuals time and space to work with professionals and understand their addiction and strengthen their motivations to recover and lead a life free of drugs and alcohol.
What factors cause Substance Use Disorder?
Addiction and substance use disorder can be caused by many factors. Reasons for drug and alcohol use can range anywhere from genetic predisposition, mental health disorders, to societal and cultural norms. In some cases, an individual might be experiencing a great sense of peer pressure to partake in substance use such as alcohol when socializing with friends or peers. Individuals might also partake in self-medication of substances in order to cope with trauma. These two factors are especially common in teens and young adults. For individuals who are experiencing mental health disorders such as PTSD, depression and anxiety, it can often lead to an increase in substance use and eventually lead to addiction.
How to recognize signs of Substance Use Disorder
There are many factors and characteristics to recognizing if you or a loved one has developed a substance use disorder. Some of the most common cues of substance abuse include:
- A high tolerance or need for increased amounts of drugs to feel the effects of the drug
- Experiencing withdrawal symptoms if drug use has been decreased or stopped
- Withdrawal from normal social and recreational activities
- Continued use of the drug despite harmful physical and psychological outcomes
Because SUD alters brain functions of a person, their cognitive abilities including decision making and coping skills become impaired, ultimately leading to questionable judgments and behaviors. There are other more subtle changes in a person such as changes in eating or sleeping habits, carelessness with personal grooming and deteriorating relationships with friends and family.
Commonly abused Substances
Those who suffer from SUD often use drugs under the following categories: opiates and narcotics, stimulants, depressants, and psychoactives. Though there are many other classifications of addictive substances, these four are some of the most commonly abused. Patients seeking substance abuse treatment can be users of one or more of these drugs and will receive individualized care based on their needs.
At Hotel California by the Sea, we treat patients who have conditions such as alcohol use disorder (AUD), substance use disorder (SUD), opioid use disorder (OUD), prescription drug use disorder, and polysubstance use disorder.
Opiates and narcotics
Opiates are a class of substances known as narcotics and painkillers. These are usually prescription medications that have been prescribed by medical doctors to treat acute, chronic and unmanageable pain. Because of its intense effects, opiates can become a very addictive substance. Opiates mimic the pleasure sensation of endorphins in the brain. Over time and with constant use, the drugs will no longer have the same effect and individuals soon start to seek out more and in a higher dosage in order to feel that pleasurable sensation. Some of the most commonly abused opiates include codeine, oxycodone, fentanyl and heroin.
Stimulants are a class of substances that drastically increases activity in the body. Also known as “uppers,” stimulants speed up the physical and mental activity of a person’s body causing high energy and increased dopamine in the brain. However, these are just the short-term effects. With long term usage, stimulants will alter normal brain functions and can lead to significant behavior changes in a person. Some of the most commonly abused stimulants include cocaine, meth, Adderall and Kratom.
Sedative drugs are also known as central nervous system depressants. They are known to slow down brain activity. Users usually take these to feel calmer and relax. These drugs are one of the most commonly prescribed for people experiencing anxiety, panic disorders and sleep disorders. It is also one of the most commonly abused drugs. Xanax, klonopin, Ativan and valium are some of the more popular misused drugs. Alcohol is another substance most commonly abused and can affect people of all ages and backgrounds. Because it is readily and easily accessible, this substance can become very addictive. Patients who enter into rehab are often seeking addiction recovery from alcohol.
Psychoactive drugs are mind-altering substances. The most common drug under this category is marijuana. There is a chemical in the marijuana plant called delta-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) which produces a pleasant euphoric sensation in the brain and body in which many users seek. However, if taken in excess some individuals can experience negative symptoms such as paranoia, fear and panic. The THC chemical is absorbed into the bloodstream and can be either consumed in edible foods or even inhaled through vapors. Common street names for marijuana include weed, pot or ganja.
Treatment Methods utilized for Substance Use Disorder at Hotel California by the Sea
Treatment for substance use disorder can vary across an array of methods. Short-term treatment at an inpatient facility can help individuals with pain withdrawal management during the initial detox phase. For some patients withdrawal symptoms may be so severe medications are used to help ease the pain. This is commonly referred to as medication assisted treatment (MAT). Patients will be prescribed certain medications to help them during their detox phase.
However, in order to maintain long-term recovery, outpatient programming is also necessary to guide and ease patients through the long road to recovery. Patients will engage in various cognitive and behavioral therapies, which are key to reaching the underlying causes of addiction and substance use disorders. By using these types of therapy in substance abuse treatment, individuals are encouraged to explore and adopt more constructive ways to solve problems and develop coping strategies. This way, clients have an increased chance of abstaining from drug use and maintaining abstinence. These therapies include:
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy consists of helping patients change their thinking patterns which will in turn change their behavioral patterns. With substance addiction, when patients are able to effectively change their thought process around their addiction, they will be able to develop positive emotional thoughts and behaviors.
Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT)
Dialectical Behavior Therapy consists of using the concept of mindfulness and acceptance. In substance addiction, patients learn how to control their emotions. They learn how to be in the present moment as well as accepting both the negative and positive emotions that occur when faced with their addiction.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)
Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing therapy helps patients change their emotions and behaviors associated with a particular aspect of their lives with the help of eye movement tracking. When used for addiction therapy, EMDR can help patients reprocess their fears and negative feelings associated with their addiction.
Group therapy When psychological therapy is performed in a group setting, patients will often feel a sense of community and support from like-minded peers, giving them encouragement and motivation to recover or maintain recovery. It is a safe and confidential environment for individuals to openly express their struggles and feelings needed to emotionally heal.
The Thirteen Principles of Effective Drug Addiction Treatment as defined by the National Institute of Drug Abuse are as follows:
1. Addiction is a complex but treatable disease that affects brain function and behavior.
Excess and extreme substance abuse can over time alter the brain’s structure and function. These symptoms can even continue and have lasting side effects long after drug and alcohol use has been stopped.
2. No single treatment is appropriate for everyone.
Every patient that enters into rehab presents unique concerns when it comes to their addiction. Each patient needs individualized care, treatment and interventions to help him or her achieve long lasting sobriety.
3. Treatment needs to be readily available.
Individuals who seek addiction recovery rehab can take the appropriate steps in order to receive the necessary treatment. Many individuals are uncertain about seeking out addiction treatment and it can be an overwhelming and confusing process. At Hotel California by the Sea, we accept all commercial health insurance policies along with some affordable care policies. If you or a loved one is seeking help for alcohol addiction, our experienced admissions team is available to assist you.
4. Effective treatment attends to multiple needs of the individual, not just his or her drug abuse.
Addiction treatment is more than a physical condition. Treatment should include a holistic approach of medical treatments, therapies for co-occurring mental health disorders and other psychiatric disorders.
5. Remaining in treatment for an adequate period of time is crucial.
The timeline and duration for addiction recovery treatment depends on the individual needs of each patient. Factors include how long the substance has been abused, the amounts of substances that have been abused, and any other co-occurring mental health disorders that may also be present. The average treatment time is about 90 days.
6. Behavioral therapies – including individual, family or group counseling – are the most commonly used forms of drug abuse treatment. for everyone.
Behavioral therapies such as CBT, DBT and EMDR are the most common forms of addiction treatment used to help understand the underlying causes of a patient’s addiction. Patients learn various coping skills to implement into their newly drug free lives. These techniques include problem-solving skills, effective communication skills, and replacing drug-using activities with more constructive and positive activities.
7. Medications are an important element of treatment for many patients, especially when combined with counseling and other behavioral therapies.
Depending on the severity of the substance abuse and the types of drugs being abused, patients will often receive medication-assisted treatment (MAT) to help ease the pain of withdrawal symptoms. Medications used are generally categorized into two groups: taper medications and comfort medications. Taper medications can include Suboxone, Valium, and Lucemyra. Comfort medications can include Clonidine, Hydroxyzine and Propranlol.
8. An individual’s treatment and services plan must be assessed continually and modified as necessary to ensure that it meets his or her changing needs.
Addiction treatment should be individualized, altered and adjusted as per the needs of the patient. Treatment plan intensity should be adjusted accordingly throughout the duration of their stay in rehab. Some patients may need a combination of treatments including various cognitive therapies, medical services and even social or legal services. Long-term continuing care is an important factor in the success of an individual’s recovery journey.
9. Many drug-addicted individuals also have other mental disorders.
Individuals suffering from substance abuse often experience co-occurring mental health disorders. Because of this treatments should work to address both medical and psychological issues simultaneously through the appropriate medications or various therapies.
10. Medically assisted detoxification is only the first stage of addiction treatment and by itself does little to change long-term drug abuse.
Detoxification is only the first step in rehab and long lasting sobriety. Medication management in addition to cognitive and behavioral therapies will greatly increase the probability of lasting recovery. Long-term addiction treatments teach patients skills, strategies and motives to improve their lives and live happily free of drugs and alcohol.
11. Treatment does not need to be voluntary to be effective.
There are generally two types of treatments: voluntary and involuntary. Many times individuals, on their own accord, seek out alcohol abuse treatment and voluntarily welcome professional help. Other times, professional addiction treatment requirements can be a necessary path for individuals who are in denial and need support for long term recovery.
12. Drug use during treatment must be monitored continuously, as lapses during treatment do occur.
During substance abuse rehab, a patient’s needs will constantly change throughout the duration of their stay. Consistent monitoring will allow medical providers the right information to adjust and re-adjust treatment care plans accordingly to achieve the best possible outcome for each patient. Continuous and close monitoring can also create an incentive for patients to make drastic changes and improve on their condition.
13. Treatment programs offer testing for infectious diseases if appropriate as well as provide targeted risk-reduction counseling, linking patients to treatment if necessary.
Substance abuse treatment programs not only address drug related issues, but issues related to infectious diseases. This is because drug related activity and behavior can often lead to risk of infectious diseases. Testing and treatment for diseases is available to all patients if necessary along with the appropriate therapy and counseling to address how to reduce the risk of contracting such diseases.
Substance use disorder is a chronic disorder characterized by occasional relapses. If you or a loved one is suffering from substance abuse or addiction, please do not hesitate to reach out to us. Our admissions team at Hotel California by the Sea will help guide you in finding the right treatment that you deserve. Professional and medical care, along with continued therapy at our inpatient and outpatient programs will help you achieve lasting recovery and live a happy and healthy life free of drugs and alcohol.
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